Transport activity involves a number of risks which must not be forgotten in order to ensure high quality and safety of services provided to customers. This is why cargo securing plays a key role here.
Nowadays, the art is not simply the physical realization or transporting the cargo from point A to point B. The art is to perform all activities throughout the whole process so as to perform the service in accordance with the law, customer requirements, at the right time and at mutually acceptable costs.
Securing of cargo – legal regulations refers to cointainer trucking in Poland
During the transport of goods, a very large part of the damage is damage to and destruction of the cargo. The most common direct cause of damage is improper placement and protection of goods.
The following legal acts regulate the proper way of securing the goods in our country: Act on Road Traffic Law, EU standard PN-EN 12195, relevant regulation on type-approval of motor vehicles and trailers and their equipment or parts and industry standards, i. e. Transport Law or CMR convention. There are very useful when it comes to the cointainer trucking in Poland.
These legal acts regulate the safety requirements for the carriage of goods, and clearly define the safeguards to be applied and the scope and responsibilities of each party in the process. They also indicate that the responsibility for preparing the cargo for transport, loading and the correct positioning and securing of the goods on the semi-trailer rests with the shipper (loading staff). As soon as the trailer/container door is closed, once the bill of lading has been signed, the responsibility is usually transferred automatically to the carrier (driver).
Cargo security proces
The process of cargo protection should begin with the correct identification of the goods and their properties and the packaging in which the goods are in the relation until the time, distance and transport conditions.
One of the basic functions of packaging is its protective function. Transport packaging should fully and effectively protect the product against mechanical and climatic factors that occur during transport and handling of goods. In this case, the relation between the weight of the packaged goods and the weight of the packaging itself, as well as the dimensions and shape of the packaging, which involves optimal use of the load capacity of the means of transport, are of great importance. However, packaging alone is not enough to safely deliver the shipment to the recipient.
Another form of cargo protection is the use of a special body for transporting cargo. Choosing the right body allows you to adjust the transport conditions to the characteristics and requirements of the transported goods, protecting it from possible damage caused by temperature changes, various types of leakage and mechanical damage.
Unsecured or incorrectly secured cargo moving freely within the cargo space poses a high risk to the driver, persons working during loading and unloading and other road users, including pedestrians. Proper protection of the transported goods is a key aspect of the company’s operations in the transport process.
Methods of cargo securing
The most commonly used and therefore recommended methods of cargo securing are as follows:
- locking by means of torsion connectors
- Block fixing with dunnage materials such as overcoats, airbags, diagonal and transverse slats and expander frames. Threshold and plate lashing, blocking between rows of cargo sections are also used, as well as wooden slats nailed directly to the cargo platform and wedges and wedge-shaped bearings
- lashing with lashings that girder the load from above or around, loop lashings, spring lashing and loop lashing
- fastening equipment, which includes ratchet tensioners (fastening straps), chain lashings, nets and sheets with lashings, ropes, steel straps, connecting rails for booms and lashings in the sidewalls.
It is also possible to use additional fastening protections in the form of: plate spacers, anti-slip mats, scantlings, shrink and stretch films, steel or plastic tapes, angle strips, edge protectors and protective spacers.
To sum up, only properly packaged, and thus properly placed and secured cargo ensures that the transport will be carried out without additional, unforeseen complications. The development of the topic of safety and security in road transport will be the subject of further articles published on our website.